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Midgard TYP 113: A Masterpiece of Modern Lighting Design

The icon of modern lighting history returns to the Midgard catalogue

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Midgard TYP 113: A Masterpiece of Modern Lighting Design
06/07/2020 - An icon of modern lighting history from the early 1920s: for Midgard’s 100th anniversary, the legendary TYP 113 Peitschenleuchte’ (The Whip) returns to the Midgard product catalogue. Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

The Hamburg-based manufacturer will initially launch a special version featuring original E27 rotary switch sockets made from Bakelite (NOS – New Old Stock from the 1930s), which comes as a limited edition of 100 pieces. A special highlight: Thonet, the furniture manufacturer known for its longstanding tradition and for tubular steel designs from the Bauhaus era, has been brought on board as a collaboration partner, producing the lamp’s signature whip-shaped arm from tubular steel for this limited edition.

All components have been carefully researched and reconstructed according to the original adjustable design. In terms of the materials and manufacturing methods, the lamps are made in exactly the same way as they were in the 1920s. The components get their metal sheen from nickel plating: screws are turned and knurled and the insulator at the lamp’s shade is made of glazed porcelain. It’s this combination that gives the limited edition its outstanding technical and visual elegance. Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Following the limited edition, a standard variant of the TYP 113 is planned to be released.

The Origin of the ‘Peitschenleuchte’
Characteristic shape – innovative construction: for Curt Fischer, who, in 1919, founded the Midgard brand in the Thuringian town of Auma, this model played a very special role. Initially, his designs were made for the flexible lighting of individual factory workstations. With the ‘Midgard-Tischarm No. 113’ – today called TYP 113 – he had developed a pioneering modern universal product that met the requirements for both private and work environments. The lamp’s joints, which can be adjusted easily with just one movement to precisely direct the light, were the main focus of this innovative design. The first design is dated 1922 in a publication. A year later, the lamp received its typical whip curve, which also features in the re-edition. Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

From 1926 onwards, the lamp was also used at the Bauhaus in Dessau: in the studios and workshops, in the apartments, masters’ houses and in the students’ ‘Preller’ house. Creatives from film, theatre, architecture and the fine arts used the Midgard lamp, which would soon also be showcased in the most significant architectural exhibitions: from the Weißenhof Estate and the accompanying ‘Die Wohnung’ exhibition in Stuttgart (1927), ‘Wohnung und Werkraum’ in Wroclaw (1929), the exhibition of the Deutsche Werkbund in Paris (1930) and the ‘Deutsche Bauausstellung’ in Berlin (1931). Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

When Walter Gropius, Hannes Meyer and Lyonel Feiniger left the Bauhaus and, soon after, Germany, they took the Midgard No. 113 with them. Meyer took it to Russia, Gropius to Lincoln (Massachusetts) and Feininger to New York. Laszlo Moholy-Nagy used the lamp to illuminate his director’s desk at the New Bauhaus in Chicago – as can be seen in pictures from the time. Even decades later, the contemporary artist Donald Judd became a fan of Midgard lamps and installed a ‘Midgard No. 114’ – the two-armed sister of the 113 – in the Architecture Studio in Marfa, Texas. With its elaborate detailing, the TYP 113 is evocative of the era of mechanical industrial production – a lamp that is as up-to-date today as it was back at the beginning of the 20th century.

Midgard on Archiproducts.comMidgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

Midgard TYP 113 ? Midgard Jenner Egberts

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